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An Overview of Vertigo

Vertigo is the feeling of a spinning world, rotation, or rocking even when one’s perfectly still. Anyone who has these dizzy spells might be feeling like they’re spinning or the world around them is spinning.

Vertigo causes

Vertigo is usually brought about by an inner ear problem. Here are some common vertigo triggers:
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BPPV, or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, occurs when canaliths (tiny calcium particles) build up in the inner ear canals. The inner ear transmits signals about head and body motions relative to gravity to the brain. This helps people maintain balance.
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BPPV may occur for no apparent reason and can be age-related.

Labyrinthitis/vestibular neuritis

This is a condition of the inner ear that is often due to viral infection. The infection results in inflammation of the inner ear around crucial nerves that help your body gain balance.

Meniere’s disease

This disorder of the inner ear said to be due to an accumulation of fluid as well as pressure changes in the ear. It can lead to vertigo episodes as well as tinnitus and hearing loss.
Less common vertigo causes include head or neck injury, brain conditions like stroke or tumor, migraine headaches, as well as some medications that lead to ear damage.

Symptoms of vertigo

Vertigo can be described as one symptom, rather than a condition that exhibits signs and symptoms.

People suffering with vertigo normally feel as they’re spinning, tilting, swaying, pulled to a single direction, and unbalanced.

Vertigo may be accompanied by other symptoms, including vomiting, feeling nauseated, headache, sweating, jerking or abnormal eye movements (nystagmus), hearing loss or tinnitus.

Symptoms can occur and disappear and can last a few hours or even a few minutes.

Treatment options for vertigo

The cause of vertigo is what determines the treatment option. Vertigo often goes away without treatment. So, what may be the reason? This is because your brain has the ability to adapt, partly to inner ear changes at least, using other means to keep balance.

For some people, treatment is required and can include:

Vestibular rehabilitation

This form of physical therapy is meant make your vestibular system stronger. The vestibular system’s function is to transmit signals to your brain about body and head movements in relation to gravity.

Medication

Sometimes medication can be given to ease symptoms like motion sickness or nausea related to vertigo. For vertigo that results from infection or inflammation, some antibiotics and steroids can be prescribed to minimize swelling as well as treat infection. For those with Meniere’s disease, they may be prescribed water pills or diuretics to relieve the pressure resulting from fluid buildup.

Surgical procedure

A few cases of vertigo may require surgery. If the vertigo is due to something serious like neck or brain injury, or tumor, treating those problems can help relieve the vertigo.